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1)    “And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.  And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.” Genesis 2:2-3

     The Hebrew word for “rested” is “shabath”, which translates and means “to repose, desist from exertion, cause or let or make to cease or to fail, celebrate, keep sabbath, suffer to be lacking, leave, put away or put down, make to rest, still, take away” (Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance, word #7673).  So God created the Sabbath to be a day in which you desist from any physical exertion, you cease, leave, put away or put down any work or project you are involved in, even if it causes it to be lacking or to fail until after the Sabbath is past, so that you can rest, keep and even celebrate the Sabbath.

     Since God never grows tired or weary (Isaiah 40:28), then exactly what was God resting from on the Sabbath?  He was resting from His work of creation - He is the Creator (Genesis 1:1; Isaiah 40:28; Romans 1:25; 1 Peter 4:19).  So on the Sabbath God desisted from doing any work and ceased from creating anything so that He could rest and repose over the whole 7th day Sabbath - beginning at sunset Friday and ending at sunset Saturday.

     In addition to His main work of creation, God had also taken time to plant a garden in the eastern part of Eden (Genesis 2:8).  He put into this special garden all kinds of lovely plants, flowers, trees because He enjoyed planting these lovely living things for Adam and Eve.  This means that God ceased from His main job and work of creation over the Sabbath day, and He also ceased from doing any kind of gardening - His own side pleasure or hobby, on the Sabbath.

2)     God also had blessed and sanctified the Sabbath day.  The Hebrew word for “blessed” is “barak”, and it translates and means “to kneel, to bless God in adoration, to bless man as a benefit, praise, thank” (Strong’s, word #1288).  The Hebrew word for “sanctified” is “qadash”, and it translates and means “to be, make or pronounce clean, to consecrate, dedicate, hallow, keep holy, proclaim, purify, sanctify” (Strong’s, word #6942).  This reveals that not only are we to cease from working over the hours of the seventh day Sabbath, but God blessed this day to be a benefit to mankind, and dedicated this day for us to also keep it clean, consecrated, hallowed, holy and purified as He did.

3)     “And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.” Genesis 2:15.

     The Hebrew word for “dress” is “abad” which translates and means “to work, to till, to dress, labour, service” (Strong’s, word #5647).  And the Hebrew word for “keep” is “shamar”, which translates and means “to hedge about, to guard, protect, attend to, preserve” (Strong’s, word 8104).  This reveals that Adam and Eve were the guardians and caretakers of this garden of Eden - they were the gardeners. But on the Sabbath day they ceased from their main job and did not do any gardening at all so that they could rest and repose over the whole 7th day Sabbath and indeed keep it holy - just like God did.

4)     What did both God and Adam and Eve do while resting?

     God spent time walking in this garden He had planted (Genesis 3:8); He spent time enjoying His handiwork and communing with nature and taking pleasure in all that He had created, and especially He spent time with Adam and Eve.  Adam and Eve also enjoyed walking in the garden, talking with God and Christ and the Angels, communing with nature and taking pleasure in all the beautiful things around them, and especially expressing their gratefulness and praise to God for all the wonderful blessings He had given them.

5)     Did sin change the way in which God’s chosen day of worship was to be kept holy?
     “...in the morning the dew lay round about the host.  And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground.  And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat.  This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents.  And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less.  And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.  And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning.  Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them.  And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.” Exodus 16:13-21.

     These verses reveal that the main work given the Israelites was to gather enough manna each day for their daily food requirements.  God provided them with food each day, but they had to do the work in gathering it, or go hungry.

6)     “And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.  And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.  And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.  And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field.  Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.” Exodus 16:22-26.

     These verses reveal that on the day before the Sabbath, called the sixth day, they were to prepare for the coming Sabbath.  God gave them twice the amount of manna on Friday, and instructed His people to gather twice as much manna as they normally did, prepare this extra portion by baking or boiling it to eat for their Sabbath meal.

7)     “And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.  And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws?  See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.  So the people rested on the seventh day.” Exodus 16:27-30.

     These verses reveal that when the Sabbath arrived, some Israelites went to work in gathering manna, but they found none.  Since God did not miraculously provide these individuals with manna showed that God meant what He said, and that He would not aid or encourage any to break His holy day - even though they may be ignorant of doing anything wrong.  But to help His people avoid working again on His Sabbath God commanded them to all remain in their tents.  Any who would now go to work on the Sabbath would have to intentionally decide to do so.

8)     These verses also reveal that before the Israelites arrived at Mount Sinai, the seventh day Sabbath was to be observed and was still part of God’s commandment law!  This means that God’s Sabbath commandment had not been changed or altered after sin had entered into the world, but remained the same day of worship to be kept holy in the same way like it was before sin.  God then made sure that everyone recognized that the seventh day Sabbath of rest that was kept holy before sin, was the very same seventh day Sabbath of rest to be kept holy after sin.
     “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.  Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work...For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.” Exodus 20:8-11.

     These verses reveal that the seventh day Sabbath of creation before sin was the very same seventh day Sabbath after sin, which shows that sin had not changed the way in which God’s chosen Sabbath day was to be kept holy.